Mining sector in BiH
On the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina mining and metallurgy began in the metal age, particularly copper and iron. Mining initially led to the development of handicrafts and later to industrial development.
The oldest mining areas are in central Bosnia (Mount Vranica) and eastern Bosnia (around the town of Srebrenica).
During the 14th and 15th century in Bosnia and Herzegovina, mines of lead and copper were opened and they experiencing their culmination due to the silver industry.
The most famous mines in Bosnia and Herzegovina are located in central Bosnia (Kamenica, Olovo, Dusina, Deževice) and eastern Bosnia (Srebrenica and its surroundings).
Silver mines attracted a lot of foreigners. This led to the formation of mining settlements (colonies) and stores, as well as a positive impact on the prosperity of medieval Bosnia.
In the territories of Bosnia and Herzegovina there are ore fields for all types of mining. Iron ore fields are located in the Vares area and Ljubija.
Manganese ores are located and exploited near Bosanska Krupa in Buzim. Non-ferrous metals: lead, zinc and bauxite were continuously investigated and due to the realization that they are mine-able, new mines were opened and old ones expanded.
In addition to metallic mineral deposits, Bosnia and Herzegovina is rich in non-metals. For the purposes of refractory industry magnetite is exploited and a mine for it was opened in Kladanj. Asbestos is mined in the Bosnian village of Petrova.
The only rock salt mine is in Tusnja, it is an underground mine.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina there are places where there is an appearance of raw nuclear materials and precious metals (gold and silver) as well as rare metals.
Mining production, along with energy resources, forms the basis for the development of the entire industry.