Highlights of the EU leaders meeting with Turkey
On 7 March 2016, EU heads of state or government held a meeting with Turkey to strengthen their cooperation on the migration and refugee crisis. European Council President Donald Tusk chaired the meeting, Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu represented Turkey.
The meeting was followed by an informal meeting of the members of the European Council.
Statement of the EU Heads of State or Government, 07 March 2016
EU leaders discussed the implementation of the EU-Turkey joint action plan. Even if there is good progress to report on a number of actions, the number of illegal entries from Turkey to Greece remains far too high. EU leaders agreed with Prime Minister Davutoglu to strengthen their cooperation to achieve concrete results on the ground.
"All the above mentioned decisions send a very clear message that the days of illegal migration to Europe are over."
They welcomed Turkey's commitment to accept the rapid return of all migrants coming from Turkey to Greece that are not in need of international protection. They also look forward for the establishment of the NATO activity in the Aegean Sea with a view to stemming migrant crossings.
Some broader proposals to address the migration crisis were also discussed during the meeting. President Tusk was tasked to work out their details before the next European Council.
Theses proposals include:
the return of all new irregular migrants crossing from Turkey into the Greek islands
the acceleration of the implementation of the visa liberalization roadmap
the decision to speed up the disbursement of the 3 billlion and decide on additional funding for the refugee facility for Syrians
the preparation for the decision on the opening of new chapters in the accession negotiations
the possibility to work together on the improvement of humanitarian conditions in Syria to allow the local population and refugees to live in areas which will be more safe
the resettlement, for every Syrian readmitted by Turkey from Greek islands, of another Syrian from Turkey to the EU
"The return mechanism mentioned above (...) should eventually break the business model of human smugglers," said President Tusk.
EU leaders also discussed with PM Davutoğlu the situation of the media in Turkey and the importance of freedom of speech and expression.
Informal meeting of the European Council
After their lunch with Prime Minister Davutoğlu, EU leaders resumed their meeting at 28 and agreed to:
go back to the full application of the Schengen Borders Code in order to bring the irregular flow of migrants along the Western Balkan route to an end
reinforce the humanitarian assistance to refugees in Greece
support Greece in the management of its external borders
Between 1-4 March 2016, President Tusk visited the main countries of the Western Balkan route and Turkey to prepare the meeting on Monday
The meeting was a follow-up to the summit with Turkey of November 2015, when:
a joint statement to reinvigorate the EU-Turkey relationship was adopted
an ambitious Joint Action Plan to tackle the migration crisis was launched
Despite progress made in the implementation of the EU-Turkey Action Plan, the number of illegal entries from Turkey remained too high and needed to be brought down significantly. At the European Council of 18-19 February 2016, leaders agreed to organise a special meeting with Turkey to reinforce their cooperation on the migration crisis.
In preparation for the meeting, President Tusk travelled to the main countries of the Western Balkan route between 1-4 March and discussed on the phone with Jens Stoltenberg about the progress on NATO-Frontex cooperation in the Aegean sea. He also met with Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu and President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in Turkey.
Statement of the EU Heads of State or Government following the meeting with Turkey.
1. Following their meeting with Prime Minister Davutoğlu, the EU Heads of State or Government addressed the migration situation, in particular as regards the Western Balkans route. They welcomed their discussion with the Turkish Prime Minister on EU-Turkey relations and on the progress made in the implementation of the Joint Action Plan. Turkey confirmed its commitment in implementing the bilateral Greek-Turkish readmission agreement to accept the rapid return of all migrants not in need of international protection crossing from Turkey into Greece and to take back all irregular migrants apprehended on Turkish waters.
The Heads of State or Government agreed that bold moves were needed to close down people smuggling routes, to break the business model of the smugglers, to protect our external borders and to end the migration crisis in Europe. We need to break the link between getting in a boat and getting settlement in Europe.
That is why they underlined the importance of the NATO activity in the Aegean Sea that became operational today. They called on all members of NATO to support it actively. They warmly welcomed the additional proposals made today by Turkey to address the migration issue. They agreed to work on the basis of the principles they contain:
to return all new irregular migrants crossing from Turkey into the Greek islands with the costs covered by the EU;
to resettle, for every Syrian readmitted by Turkey from Greek islands, another Syrian from Turkey to the EU Member States, within the framework of the existing commitments;
to accelerate the implementation of the visa liberalization roadmap with all Member States with a view to lifting the visa requirements for Turkish citizens at the latest by the end of June 2016;
to speed up the disbursement of the initially allocated 3 billion euros to ensure funding of a first set of projects before the end of March and decide on additional funding for the Refugee Facility for Syrians;
to prepare for the decision on the opening of new chapters in the accession negotiations as soon as possible, building on the October 2015 European Council conclusions;
to work with Turkey in any joint endeavour to improve humanitarian conditions inside Syria which would allow for the local population and refugees to live in areas which will be more safe.
The President of the European Council will take forward these proposals and work out the details with the Turkish side before the March European Council. This work will respect European and international law.
The EU Heads of State or Government also discussed with the Turkish Prime Minister the situation of the media in Turkey.
2. Heads of State or Government further recalled that the European Council, at its meeting on 18-19 February, decided to get back to a situation where all Members of the Schengen area fully apply the Schengen Borders Code, while taking into account the specificities of the maritime borders, and to end the wave-through approach. Irregular flows of migrants along the Western Balkans route have now come to an end.
3. In order to make this sustainable, action is required along the following lines:
a) stand by Greece, in this difficult moment and do our utmost to help manage the situation that has arisen as a consequence of this development. This is a collective EU responsibility requiring fast and efficient mobilisation of all available EU means and resources and of Member States' contributions;
b) provide an immediate and effective response to the very difficult humanitarian situation which is rapidly developing on the ground. Emergency support will be provided urgently by the Commission, in close cooperation with Greece, other Member States and non-governmental organisations on the basis of an assessment, by the Commission and Greece, of the needs and a contingency and response plan. In this context, Heads of State or Government welcome the Commission proposal on the provision of emergency support within the EU and call on the Council to adopt it before the March European Council, thus expanding the range of financial instruments that can be used; they invite the budgetary authority to take any necessary follow-up measures;
c) provide further assistance to Greece in managing the external borders, including those with the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Albania, and ensuring the proper functioning of hotspots, with 100% identification, registration and security checks, and the provision of sufficient reception capacities. Frontex will launch an additional call for national guest officers as soon as possible and all Member States should respond in full by 1 April at the latest. Europol will rapidly deploy guest officers in all hotspots to reinforce security checks and support the Greek authorities in the fight against smugglers;
d) assist Greece in ensuring comprehensive, large scale and fast-track returns to Turkey of all irregular migrants not in need of international protection, building on the Greece-Turkey readmission agreement and, from 1 June, the EU-Turkey readmission agreement;
e) accelerate substantially the implementation of relocation to alleviate the heavy burden that presently weighs on Greece. EASO will launch a further call for national expertise to support the Greek asylum system and all Member States should respond rapidly and in full. Member States are also invited to provide more places for relocation as a matter of urgency. The Commission will report on a monthly basis to the Council on the implementation of relocation commitments;
f) continue to cooperate closely with the non-EU countries of the Western Balkans and provide any necessary assistance;
g) implement the existing resettlement commitments and continue work on a credible voluntary humanitarian admission programme with Turkey;
h) take any necessary measures immediately in respect of any new routes opening up, and step up the fight against smugglers;
i) take forward, as a matter of priority, all the elements of the Commission roadmap on getting "back to Schengen", so as to end temporary internal border controls and re-establish the normal functioning of the Schengen area before the end of the year.
This document does not establish any new commitments on Member States as far as relocation and resettlement is concerned.
4. These are urgent measures that have to be taken against the background of the present situation on the ground and should be kept under review. The European Council will come back to the migration file in all its aspects at the March European Council to further consolidate the joint European implementation of our comprehensive migration strategy.